Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Antaryāmin literally means ‘One who controls from within’.

According to the Upaniṣads, Brahman is both the immanent and the transcendent Reality. Having created the world, Brahman enters into it[1] and controls it from within.[2]. In this aspect it is called the ‘antaryāmin,’ the inner controller.

In Advaita Vedānta, the individual self is ultimately identical with the antaryāmin. But in Dvaita and Viśiṣtādvaita, the two are different.

In the Pāñcarātra school of Vaiṣṇavism, God manifests himself in four forms retaining the para or the highest form in his world called Vaikuṇṭha as mentioned below :

  1. Vyuha - The four emanations
  2. Vibhava - Incarnations
  3. Area - Manifestation through the image during worship
  4. Antaryāmin - The inner controller

According to this school, the last is only a partial manifestation.


  1. Taittirīyopanisad 2.6
  2. Brhadāranyakopanisad 3.7.3-23
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore