Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Anubandha-catuṣṭaya literally means ‘four-fold connection’.

Works on Advaita Vedānta usually commence with the description of the anunbandha-catuṣṭaya. Anubandha is that which connects or binds, the factors which bind the entire system together into a connected whole. There are four such factors and hence the word ‘catuṣṭaya’ (a group of four) is used. The four anubandha are as follows :

  1. The first anubandha is ‘adhikārin,’ the person competent to study and practice the science.
  2. The second is ‘viṣaya,’ the subject matter dealt with in the treatise.
  3. The third is ‘prayojana,’ utility to be gained by its study and practice.
  4. The last is ‘sambandha’ or connection, usually between the book that purports to deal with the science and the science itself, or, between the work and the utility promised.

Though this is used as a ‘technical word’ in Advaita literature, it is a general concept that can be applied to other fields of knowledge also.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore