From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Apavāda literally means 'that which over-rules’.

In tarka or logic, this word stands for an exception to a general rule.

For instance, ahimsā or not to harm any living being is a general rule. But killing animals in a sacrifice is permitted as an apavāda or exception.

Apavāda also means an accusation. The word is used in Advaita Vedānta too.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore