Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Bādha literally means ‘that which contradicts’.

The word Bādha has several meanings :

  1. Abhāva or absence
  2. Pratibandha or obstacle
  3. Pīḍā or harassment

However, the Nyāya school of Philosophy uses it as a technical term of logic.

In the sentence, "parvato vahnimān dhumāt" (‘The hill is fiery, since there is smoke there’), vahni or fire is called ‘sādhya’ (the major term), parvata or hill is called ‘pakśa’ (the minor term) and dhumāt or smoke is called as ‘hetu’ or ‘liṅga’ (the middle term).

In a situation where the sādhya does not exist in the pakśa, it is called bādha. For instance, in the sentence "hrado vahnimān dhumāt" (‘The lake is fiery, since there is smoke there’) the minor term hrada or lake, which is the pakśa, is ‘bādha’, since it is impossible for the fire, the sādhya, to exist in the lake. The lake obstructs or prevents (bādha = obstacle) fire from existing in it. Many more varieties of bādha are discussed in the works of logic.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore