Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Bhratr-dvitiya)

By Swami Harshananda

Bhrātṛ-dvitiyā literally means ‘second day devoted to brothers’.

Festivals are a part and parcel of popular religion in every society. One of the comparatively minor festivals generally tagged on to the major festival Dīpāvalī, is Bhrātṛ-dvitīyā, also known as ‘Yama-dvitīyā’. It occurs on the second day of the bright half of the month Kārttika (generally in November).

The legend goes that on this day, Yamunā, the river goddess, invited her brother Yama (the god of Death) to her house and entertained him with a feast to show her sisterly affection. On this day sisters invite their brothers to their houses and feed them sumptuously. Brothers on their part give them presents. It is a day of joy of reunion of sisters and brothers who may be living and establishing their own families in distant places after their marriage.

Worship of Yama, the god of Death and of Citragupta, his chief lieutenant are sometimes performed. Worshiping and entertaining an image made of flour or cowdung, which represents a brother living in a far off place, is also observed in some regions. Persons living on the banks of the river Yamunā are expected to bathe in the river on this day, before observing the rituals connected with this festival. Prayers are offered by the sisters for the long life and freedom from dangers for their brothers.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles