Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Caturvarga literally means ‘the group of four’.

The four ‘puruṣārthas’ or ends of life to be sought after by all the human beings are called ‘caturvarga,’ ‘the group of four’. They are:

  1. Dharma - Righteousness
  2. Artha - Wealth
  3. Kāma - Pleasures of the flesh
  4. Mokṣa - Release from transmigratory existence

Sometimes the first three puruṣārthas are called ‘trivarga’ (‘group of three’) and mokṣa is called as ‘apavarga’ (‘that which is beyond the group’).


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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