Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Dvayamantra literally means ‘mantra in two parts’.

In Śrīvaiṣṇavism, the practical religious aspect of Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta, prapatti or śaraṇāgati[1] is a very important step of spiritual practice.

In prapatti, one has to receive three mantras or sacred formula from a competent ācārya.[2]

  • The first is the aṣṭākṣarīmantra[3] viz., "Om namo nārāyaṇāya"
  • The second is the dvāya or dvāyamantra, a twofold mantra.
  • The third is the caramaśloka, the 66th śloka of the 18th chapter of the Bhagavadgītā. "sarva-dharmān parityajya..."

The dvayamantra is:

  1. Śriman-nārāyaṇa-caranau śaranarh prapadyel - It means that ‘I take refuge at the feet of Sri-nārāyaṇa’.
  2. Śrimate nārāyanāya namah I - It means that ‘Obeisance to Srī-nārāyaṇa.’

In both the mantras Nārāyaṇa is described as being with Śrī or Lakṣmī. Though the commentators declare that these mantras are part of the Kathaśruti, the recensions available now do not contain them. This dvāyamantra is called ‘mantra-ratna’ and is considered a tāntrik mantra. Hence all have the right to receive it for spiritual evolution.


  1. Śaraṇāgati means total surrender to God.
  2. Ācārya means spiritual preceptor.
  3. Aṣṭākṣarīmantra means the eight-syllabled mantra.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore