Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Ekāgnikāṇḍa literally means ‘section dealing with a person having one fire’.

Significance of Kalpasutras[edit]

The Vedāṅgas or ‘limbs of the Vedas’ are important subsidiary works that help the student of the Vedas not only to understand them but also perform the various rites mentioned therein correctly. The Kalpasutras are one of the six such Vedāṅgas.


The Āpastamba Kalpasutras is one of the oldest among the Kalpasutras. It belongs to the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda. The 25th and the 26th praśnas or prapāṭhakas or sections of this work are together called Ekāgnikānda or Mantrapātha. Sometimes it is shown as the 31st and the 32nd section also. There is a well-known commentary by Haradatta Miśra (A. D. 1100) on the Ekāgnikānda.

The word might have it's roots from the fact that all the rites and rituals dealt here concern an average householder keeping one fire (= eka + agni), the gārhapatya fire or the gṛhyāgnī.


The first chapter comprises 131 mantras spread over 18 khaṇḍas or sections. The second section has 356 mantras in 22 khaṇḍas. Almost all the topics described here belong to the field of dharmaśāstras.

Concept of Ekāgnikānda[edit]

Ekāgnikānda describes the sanskāras or sacraments of:

  1. Vivāha - marriage
  2. Upanayana - investiture with the sacred thread and allied rites
  3. Samāvartana - graduation from the guru-kula
  4. Śrāddhas - obsequial rites
  5. Rites connected with a pregnant mother and the new born child
  6. Rites connected with the building of a new house
  7. Offering of cooked food prepared from the first agricultural crop
  8. Various kinds of japa
  9. Several religious rituals to offset the evils that befall one in life
  10. Other rituals to get desires fulfilled
  11. Few other minor rites


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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