Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Ekabera literally means ‘solitary murti’.

Classification of Temples[edit]

Temples of Viṣṇu are sometimes categorized into two groups:

  1. Ekabera temple
  2. Bahubera temple

Ekabera Temples[edit]

In the ekabera temples, there will be only one (= eka) permanent murti (= bera). No goddesses (consorts) like Srīdevī and Bhṅdevī or the utsava-murti will be present. Worship is offered to the single deity in the temple. The term ekbera does not apply to the parivāra-devatās or attendant deities, which may be installed in the appropriate places.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore