Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Jñāna literally means ‘knowledge’.

The word 'jñāna' is derived from the root-verb ‘jñā’ which means to know and is commonly interpreted as ‘knowledge’. It can be of two kinds :

  1. That which is got by the normal means of sense perception
  2. That which is obtained by intuition

Sources of Jñāna[edit]

Most of the philosophical systems accept the following sources of Jñāna :

  1. Pratyakṣa - direct perception
  2. Anumāna - inference
  3. Āptavākya - verbal testimony
  4. Āgama - scriptural testimony
  5. Upamāna - comparison
  6. Arthāpatti - postulation
  7. Anupalabdhi - non-perception
  8. Aparokṣānubhuti - direct experience

Jñāna as intuitive knowledge called ‘aparokṣānubhuti’, comes through the purification of the mind by yogic disciplines and meditation on Atman or Brahman.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore