From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Jaṅgama literally means ‘that which moves’.

As per Philosophy[edit]

In the philosophical literature, Jaṅgama signifies living beings. The whole world comprises of two types of things:

  1. The Sthāvara - stationary or non-moving, lifeless, material objects
  2. The Jaṅgama - moving objects or living beings

As per Vīraśaivism[edit]

In the Vīraśaiva or Liṅgāyata sect of Śaivism, it represents a saint or a man of realization who is ‘dynamically knowledgeable’ or ‘personification of knowledge, who is moving, who is living’.

The ‘Jaṅgama’ is the third ‘āvaraṇa’[1] out of the eight specified in this sect. A viraśaiva[2] is ordained to honor a jaṅgama just as he honors his guru and the liṅga.[3]


  1. Āvaraṇa means shield of protection.
  2. Vīraśaiva are the followers of Vīraśaivism.
  3. Liṅga is the emblem of Śiva given to him at the time of his initiation.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore