By Swami Harshananda
Jaṅgama literally means ‘that which moves’.
As per Philosophy
In the philosophical literature, Jaṅgama signifies living beings. The whole world comprises of two types of things:
- The Sthāvara - stationary or non-moving, lifeless, material objects
- The Jaṅgama - moving objects or living beings
As per Vīraśaivism
In the Vīraśaiva or Liṅgāyata sect of Śaivism, it represents a saint or a man of realization who is ‘dynamically knowledgeable’ or ‘personification of knowledge, who is moving, who is living’.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore