From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Mādhava-Vidyāraṇya lived in A. D. 1296- 1386. He was the founder-saint of the Vijayanagara empire. He was a scholar of extra-ordinary brilliance. One of his well-known works is the Kalanirṇaya. It is a treatise on the definition of time and determination of suitable periods for religious occasions.

The work is in five prakaraṇas or chapters. The contents may be briefly stated as follows:

  • Scholastic disquisition on kāla or time
  • The year and its sub divisions
  • Intercalary months and religious acts permitted or forbidden during those months
  • Pure and mixed tithis
  • Determination of the various nakṣatras for religious acts

The work names numerous sages, purāṇas, astronomical and astrological writers and their works.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore