Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Kaumāri literally means ‘feminine aspect of Kumāra'.

Śakti or the Divine Mother is said to have seven aspects known as ‘Saptamātṛkās’. Kaumārī is one of these aspects. She is the Śakti or the feminine aspect of Kumāra and known as Saṇmukha, Subrahmaṇya, Kārttikeya, Skanda and by several other names.

Kaumārī is pictured as being red in complexion, draped in red garments and having six heads and twelve arms. She rides on a peacock. The twelve hands exhibit or hold:

  1. Varadamudrā - bestowal of boons
  2. Śakti - spear
  3. Patākā - banner
  4. Daṇḍa - staff
  5. Ghaṇṭā - bell
  6. Dhanus - bow
  7. Bāṇa - arrow
  8. Kamala - lotus
  9. Kukkuta - cock
  10. Kheṭaka - shield
  11. Paraśu - axe
  12. Pātra - bowl

She is one of the Śaktis or goddesses that emerged out of Durgā’s body during her fight with Śumbha, Niśumbha and their army.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore