Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Maṇavāla Māmuni

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Maṇavāla Māmuni lived in A. D. 1370-1443. He was one of the prominent teachers of the Viśiṣṭādvaita philosophy and the Śrīvaiṣṇava sect. He was born in A. D. 1370 at Tirukkuruhur of Tamil Nadu. His parents were Tātaraṇṇar Araiyar and Srīraṅga Nācciyār. He was educated first by his father and later by two well-known teachers of his times, Tiruvāymoli Pillai and Kiḍāmbi Nāyanār. Thus, he became an expert in the Sanskrit scriptures and Tamil lore of Viśiṣṭādvaita.

He settled down at Srīraṅgam. Initially he was a householder. Later on, he embraced sanyāsa (monastic life) receiving the monastic vows from Saṭhagopa Jīyar. He spent most of his time in giving religious discourses, writing books and helping in building temples or renovating old ones.

He toured widely, visiting all the important places connected with Srīvaiṣṇavism. He was a prolific writer mostly in Tamil. Some of his commentaries on the important works are:

  • Śrīvacanabhusana
  • Tattvatraya
  • Pramānat-tirattu
  • Yatirājavirhśati
  • Upadeśaratna-mālai
  • Ārtiprabandha
  • Tiruvārādhana-krama

He trained eight disciples from whom three were sanyāsins and the rest were householders. He appointed them as the pontiffs of the several Maṭhas (religious centers) such as Vānamāmalai Maṭha, Yatirāja Maṭha and others. He emphasised the superiority of bhakti (devotion) to God and service to the society in one’s personal life. Even members of the lower castes were his disciples.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore