Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Maṇdala literally means 'a circular figure that embellishes’.


The word ‘maṇḍala’ has been used in various senses in the scriptures and allied works depending upon the particular field of knowledge.

Different Denotations of Maṇḍala[edit]

  • In the Ṛgveda it is the name of the ten books or sections into which it is divided based on the subject content.
  • In the ritualistic field, it is a circular diagram containing squares and triangles, generally prepared with colored powders. When consecrated, it acts like a fence or border protecting the ritual from evil influences and forces.
  • A temple when viewed from above, represents a maṇḍala.
  • In the works on political science[1], maṇḍala is a part of a king’s territory. A maṇḍala is made up of four deśas, each deśa containing 100 villages. In some works, this definition has been reversed, making the maṇḍala a subdivision of deśa.

Synonyms for Maṇḍala[edit]

The names of the maṇḍalas include:

  • Sarvatobhadra
  • Caturliñgabhadra
  • Prāsādavāstumaṇḍala
  • Hariharamaṇḍala


  1. Political Science is also called as arthaśāstra or rājyaśāstra.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore