Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Madhurabhava literally means ‘the sweet attitude’.

There is an innate hankering in every soul to enjoy infinite bliss. Though all the four yogas recognize this, it is the Bhakti- yoga that gives us a more practical mode of sādhana or spiritual discipline to attain this.

It is easier for a human being who is strongly encased in the body-mind complex and hence terribly attached to it. It helps to contemplate on God with a form, a name and a personality of his own. The scriptures including the Upaniṣads describe God, not only as Sat (the eternal) but also as Ananda (infinite bliss). He is also ‘Sundara’, beautiful, as per the descriptions in the Visnusahasranāma[1] which is a part of the Mahābhārata. Hence he is the fittest person to be loved.

Bhaktiyoga teaches several modes of loving God out of which madhurabhāva or madhurabhakti is also the one. It is the love that makes the devotee look upon God as one’s beloved and long for union with him. It is this kind of love that the gopīs[2] of Vṛndāvana of mythology or Āṇḍāl[3] (circa 8th century CE), Akka Mahādevī (CE 1166) and Mīrā (CE1450-1547) of the historical period practiced in their lives, loving God as their husband or beloved.

Madhurabhāva concedes that sensual love is a perverted form of divine love. If it is directed towards God, it can transmute kāma (lust) into prema (divine love).


  1. Visnusahasranāma no. 791
  2. Gopīs are the cowherdesses.
  3. Āṇḍāl is one of the Ālvārs who was a woman.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore