Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Mahākāla literally means ‘Great Time’, ‘Great Destroyer’.

‘Mahākāla’ is one of the well-known epithets of Śiva. He brings about the destruction of the universe at the end of the cycle of creation.

The Śivaliṅga at Ujjayinī[1] is one of the twelve jyotirliṅgas. It is also called ‘Mahākāla’. Sometimes Mahākāla is described as an offspring of Śiva. He is the leader of his troops, pramathagaṇa.

Some works of the tantras like the Tantrasāra picturize him as a terrific deity who can be appeased for destroying one’s enemies. He has a fierce appearance. He is dressed in a tiger-skin and has two arms carrying:

  1. Daṇda - cudgel
  2. Khaṭvāṅga - magical wand

He wears a garland of severed heads and is the husband of Mahākālī.


  1. Ujjayinī is the modern Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore