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Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratisha Article Competition winners

Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

Rāmāyaṇa tradition in northeast Bhārat by Virag Pachpore


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Mala literally means ‘impurity’.

According to the Pāśupata sect of Śaivism, jīva, the bound soul, technically called as ‘paśu’ is fettered by three kinds of impurities called malas. They are:

  1. Āṇava-mala
  2. Māyīyamala
  3. Kārmamala

With the help of yoga, the paśu or the jīva can get rid of them.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore