Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Mathematics of the Indus-Saraswati Civilization

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Krishna Maheshwari

The Indus-Saraswati civilization, also referred to as the Harappa, is one of the earliest known urban Indian cultures. It was first identified in 1921 at Harappa in the Punjab and has since then been discovered to cover much of modern Pakistan and India. This civilization began around 6,000 BC and survived until approximately 1700 BC. The people were literate and used a written script containing around 500 characters which have yet to be fully deciphered. Much research remains to be done before a full appreciation of the mathematical achievements of this ancient civilization can be fully assessed.

Two of its most famous cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro, provide evidence that construction of buildings followed a standardized measurement which was decimal in nature--which implies that mathematical ideas were developed for the purpose of construction. This civilization had an advanced brick-making technology (having invented the kiln). Bricks were used in the construction of buildings and embankments for food control.

Decimal System[edit]

It is known that the Harappans had adopted a uniform system of weights and measures. An analysis of the weights discovered suggests that they belong to two series both being decimal in nature with each decimal number multiplied and divided by two, giving for the main series ratios of 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500. Several scales for the measurement of length were also discovered during excavations. One was a decimal scale based on a unit of measurement of 1.32 inches (3.35 centimeters)[1]. Ten units equal 13.2 inches[2]. A similar measure based on the length of a foot is present in other parts of Asia and beyond. Another scale was discovered when a bronze rod was found which was marked in lengths of 0.367 inches. Now 100 units of this measure is 36.7 inches[3]. Measurements of the ruins of the buildings which have been excavated show that these units of length were accurately (and precisely) used by the Harappans in construction.

Notes & References[edit]

  1. Archeologists refer to this as the "Indus inch"
  2. Archeologists refer to this as an "Indus foot"
  3. Archeologists refer to this as the "Indus Stride"