From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Mukuṭa literally means ‘that which decorates the head’.

Significance of Mukuṭa[edit]

Mukuṭa is also spelt as ‘makuṭa’. It is headwear or crown. In iconographical works, almost all the images, whether of gods or semi-gods or demons or human beings, are shown with some kind of mukuṭa.

Classification of Mukuṭa[edit]

There are varieties of the same. Some of them are:

  1. Kirītamukuta - It is a crown, usually 16 to 24 aṅgulas in height and cylindrical or conical in shape with details like a diadem or a lotus or studded with gems. It is shown on the heads of male deities like Viṣṇu and also the emperors. Sometimes devi images too have them.
  2. Karandamukuta - It is shaped like a pot or a bulb, it is shown as adorning the major feminine deities and also kings. The lower part of this crown may be studded with precious stones.
  3. Jatāmukuta - Here, the matted hair is done up like a crown. This is generally shown in the images of Śiva, his attendants and sages. It is even common in some forms of the Devi.
  4. Śirastraka - In the images of yakṣas and the nāgas, a turban-like headgear, called śirastraka, is provided.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore