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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Nidhana literally means ‘finale’.

Classification of Sāmans[edit]

In Somayāgas like the Agniṣṭoma certain mantras of the Sāmaveda are called ‘sāmans’. They have to be chanted musically. Such sāmans have five parts:

  1. Prastāva - It is chanted by prastotṛ.
  2. Udgītha - It is chanted by udgātṛ.
  3. Pratihāra - It is chanted by prati-hartṛ.
  4. Upadrava - It is chanted by udgātṛ.
  5. Nidhana - It is chanted by prastotṛ, udgātṛ and prati-hartṛ.

Interjections of Nidhana[edit]

Nidhana, the last, contains interjec­tions like:

  • Sāt
  • Sām
  • Suvāh
  • Iḍā
  • Vāk
  • Ā

A bundle of grass of a handful[1] quantity to be spread on the vedi[2] is also called ‘nidhana’. The common meaning of the word is ‘death’.


  1. Handful means muṣṭi.
  2. Vedi means sacrificial altar.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore