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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Nyāyasudhā literally means ‘nectar of logical exposition’.

Out of the six systems of philosophy, the Vedānta Darśana has gained for itself, a pre-eminent place. Of the several branches of Vedānta, the Dvaita school of Madhvācārya[1] has developed a very powerful system of logic aimed at vanquishing other schools, especially the Advaita Vedānta. Madhva composed his Anuvyākhyāna, a metrical work giving the gist of his philosophy based on the Brahmasutras. Jayatīrtha[2] wrote a detailed commentary on this work, known as Nyāyasudhā. On this, there is a sub-commentary called Nyāyaśudhāparimala or simply Parimala, by Raghavendratīrtha.[3]

Comprising 24,000 granthas or verses, the Nyāyasudhā, also known as Visamapadavākyārthavivrti, is a first rate classic and a superb work of polemical literature. It is a highly illuminating commentary on the Anuvyākhyāna. It critically examines the various views and schools of philosophy like those of Śaṅkara, Rāmānuja, Bhāskara, Vācaspati as well as those of the works like Sāñkhyatattvakaumudi, Nyāya-kusumāñjali, Khandanakhandakhādya and Citsukhī and tries to show their inadequacy. It also tries to answer effectively the objections and criticisms against Madhva’s doctrines by later writers. The Advaitasiddhi of Madhusudana Sarasvatī[4] was written as a reply to this work.


  1. He lived in A. D. 1238-1317.
  2. He lived in 14th cent. A.D.
  3. He lived in A. D. 1598-1671.
  4. He lived in A. D. 1490-1580.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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