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Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

Rāmāyaṇa tradition in northeast Bhārat by Virag Pachpore


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pāṭaliputra was a city of great historical significance. It has a varied history associated with it which can be noted under the following:

  • Pāṭaliputra is also known as Pātaligrāma, Pupplapura[1] and Kusumapura.
  • It was an ancient city of great fame.
  • Gautama Buddha seems to have visited it, which was a small village at that time, during Ajātaśatru’s reign and predicted a great future for it.
  • According to Kautilya’s Arthaśāstra[2] it was the greatest city in the East even by the 4th century B. C. It was the capital of the Mauryas and the Śuṅgas.
  • Megasthanies[3] has mentioned that it extended on the bank of the Gañgā, defended by a wooden palisade flanked by 570 bastions and surrounded by a deep wide moat. It had 64 gates in total. It was also the capital of the kingdom of Magadha.
  • Hiuen Tsang[4] has described how the king Kālāśoka made it his metropolis. It has been identified with the modern Patna city.[5]


  1. It is known as Puṣpapura.
  2. He lived in 321 B. C.
  3. He lived in 302-288 B.C.
  4. He lived in A. D. 600-664.
  5. It is the capital of Bihar.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore