From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pañcanada literally means ‘the land of five rivers’.

The country Madradeśa or Araṭṭa was called Pañcanāda[1][2] since the Sindhu[3] and its five tributaries flowed through it. They are:

  1. Satadru - Sutlej
  2. Vipāśā - Beas
  3. Irāvatī - Rāvi
  4. Candrabhāgā - Chenab
  5. Vitastā - Jhelum

It roughly corresponds to the modern Punjab of both India and Pakistan. A demon Jalandhara had his capital here. He was later killed by Lord Śiva. One of the 51 Śaktipīṭhas[4] is situated here. The temple of Viśvamukhi houses the goddess.


  1. Pañca means five.
  2. Nada means river.
  3. Sindhu means Indus river.
  4. Śaktipīṭhas means the places sacred to the Divine Mother.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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