From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Paramapuruṣārtha literally means ‘the highest goal of life aspired after, by a human being’.

A puruṣa or a human being is expected to strive for four puruṣārthas or ends in life viz.:

  1. Dharma - righteousness
  2. Artha - wealth
  3. Kāma - desire for carnal pleasures
  4. Mokṣa - liberation from trans-migratory existence

Out of these, the last is considered as ‘parama’ or the highest and the best. Hence it is named as ‘paramapuruṣārtha’.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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