From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pravargya is a Vedic sacrificial rite. Though considered as an independent rite, it is actually incorporated in the Somayāgas like the Agniṣṭoma. It is generally performed twice a day for three days. An important item of this sacrifice is the preparation of gharma[1] out of the milk of a cow and a she-goat, along with ghee. The offerings of gharma are made through fire to the deities Aśvins, Vāyu, Indra, Savitṛ, Bṛhaspati and Yama. The sacrificer drinks the remaining from the upāyamani.[2] During the performance of the Pravargya rite, the doors of the prācīna-vaṅśa or the sacrificial shed are kept closed.


  1. Gharma means hot milk mixed with boiling ghee.
  2. Upāyamani means the supporting ladle used in the oblations.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore