From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Pujābhāga literally means ‘that part of the Śivaliṅga which can be worshiped’.

Śivaliṅgas may be cala[1] or acala.[2] The cala-liṅgas may be kept in the shrine of one’s own home for worship or prepared temporarily with materials like clay or dough etc., for worship and dispensed with after the worship or worn on the body as iṣṭaliṅga as the Vīraśaivas do. The acala liṅgas are those installed in temples. They are usually made of stone and have three parts. They are:

  • The lowest part which is square, is called Brahmabhāga and represents Brahmā the creator.
  • The middle part which is octagonal, is called Viṣṇubhāga and represents Viṣṇu, the sustainer. These two parts are embedded inside the pedestal.
  • The Rudrabhāga which is cylindrical and projects outside the pedestal is the one to which worship is offered. Hence it is called pujābhāga.

The pujābhāga also contains certain lines technically called Brahmasutra, without which the Liṅga becomes unfit for worship.


  1. Cala means movable.
  2. Acala means immovable.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore