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In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Rāmānanda (14th century A. D.)

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By Swami Harshananda

Rāmānanda lived in 14th century A. D. He was one of the more well-known saints of the Middle Ages. He might have lived sometime during the period A. D. 1300-1411 or A. D. 1400-1470. He was born at Prayāga,[1] his parents being Puyāsadana and Suśīlā.

Rāmānanda was well-educated in Sanskrit and the Hindu scriptures. He received monastic orders from Rāghavānanda, a sanyāsin[2] of the Śrīvaiṣṇava tradition of Rāmānuja.[3] Though devoted to the Rāmānuja tradition and its Viśiṣṭādvaita philosophy, he was much more liberal in his attitude and dealings. He lived mostly in Kāśī. He also spread the cult of Rāmabhakti or devotion to Rāma, in preference to that of Kṛṣṇa, mostly in North India.

According to some versions of his life, he migrated from South India where he lived earlier, to the North. Rāmānuja’s Sribhāsya[4] and a less known work, the Agastyasutīksna-samvāda, were his favorite treatises. He considered Rāma as the Brahman of the Upaniṣads and the repetition of the Rāmamantra as the best means of liberation.

Instead of the well-known Aṣṭākṣarī mantra, Om namo nārāyanāya, he adopted the Rāmamantra perhaps by his guru, rām rāmāya namah as the chief esoteric formula of spiritual life. Tradition states that he accepted his disciples irrespective of their caste and social status. Among them well known ones are:

  1. Kabīr, a Muslim
  2. Raidās, a shoemaker
  3. Senā, a barber
  4. Padmāvatī, a woman

There are some doubts about them being his students by some scholars. The Granth Sāhib contains one Hindi song which was composed by him, though this song has not been found in the collection of his disciples.


  1. It is in Allahabad.
  2. He is a monk.
  3. He lived in A. D. 1017-1137.
  4. It is a commentary on the Brahmasutras.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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