Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children is now published after academic peer-review and available through open access.

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences that Indian American children face after they are exposed to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We show that there is an intimate connection―an almost exact correspondence―between James Mill’s ( a prominent politician in Britain and head of the British East India Company) colonial-racist discourse and the current school-textbook discourse. Consequently, this archaic and racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces in the Indian American children the same psychological impact as racism is known to produce: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon similar to racelessness where the children dissociate from the tradition and culture of their ancestors

This book is an outcome of 4 years of rigorous research as a part of our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within Academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Rāmaliṅga literally means ‘the Śivaliñga established by Rāma’.

Significance of Rāmaliṅga[edit]

The liṅga in the main temple of Śiva at one of the most sacred places of pilgrimage, Rāmeśvara, is called ‘Rāmaliṅga’. There are two versions in the purāṇas regarding the establishment of this liṅga.

First Belief of it's Establishment[edit]

When Rāma was building the bridge on the sea, Rāvaṇa used to come every night and demolish it. To prevent this, Rāma built a Śiva temple and established the Śivaliṅga at the entrance to the bridge. Since Rāvaṇa was a staunch devotee of Śiva, he could no longer destroy the bridge.

Second Belief of it's Establishment[edit]

According to second story, Rāma decided to build a temple for Śiva to atone for the killing of Rāvaṇa who was a brāhmaṇa. When he was returning from Laṅkā in the Puṣpakavimāna,[1] he alighted at the place now known as Rāmeśvara and expressed this desire to his divine spouse Sītā. She then prepared a liñga out of sea-sand which was duly consecrated by Rāma.

Third Belief of it's Establishment[edit]

As per another version, Hanumān had been sent to Vārāṇasī,[2] to bring a liṅga. Since he was late in returning and since the auspicious moment was coming to an end, Sītā prepared the liṅga and Rāma consecrated it. The liṅga brought later by Hanumān was also established in another place nearby, now known as Viśvaliṅga. To pacify him Rāma made it a rule that pilgrims should worship that liṅga first and then only visit the main shrine.


  1. Puṣpakavimāna is the divine aeroplane.
  2. Vārāṇasī means Kāśī.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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