Raghu Pati Rāghava Rājārām
Raghupati Rāghava Rājā Rām are the opening words of a popular hymn also known as Rām Dhun. This hymn is available in two versions. The first version of this hymn is not as popular as the later version. The second version was created by Mohandas Karachand Gandhi which has its base from the first version. Though many attribute the first version to Lakshmaṇācharya and opine that it is part of the famous epic named Rāmāyaṇam, but factually Rāmayaṇam does not have these verses which are considered to be a part of Rām dhun. The second version of the hymn had gained it's popularity in the Salt March which happened in 1930 in Dandi, Gujarat, led by Gandhiji as a part of freedom movement in India. This lateral version was musically developed by Pandit Vishnu Digambar Paluskar, who was an ardent follower of Gandhiji.
First Version of Ram Dhun
Raghupati rāghava rājārām, Patita pāvana sītārām
Sundara vigraha megha śyām, Gangā tulasī śālagrām
Bhadragirīśvara sītārām, Bhagatajanapriya sītārām
Jānakīramaṇa sītārām, Jaya jaya rāghava sītārām
Lateral Version of Rām Dhun
Raghupati rāghav rājārām, Patit pāvan sītārām
Sītārām, sītārām, Bhaj pyāre tu sītārām
Ishwar allah tero nām Sab ko sanmati de bhagavān
Rāma rahīm karīm samān Hama saba hai unaki santān
Saba milā māṅge yaha varadān Hamārā rahe mānava kā jñān
- It is called as bhajan.
- It is also sometimes referred to as lateral version.
- He is famously referred to as Gandhiji.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore