Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Sabda)

Shabda is loosely translated as sound and can sometimes be used to refer to electro-magnetic waves or vibratory energy in general.

The Para-brahman, as Shabda-brahman exists in the body of the jivatma[1] and is composed of all mantra. As waves of sound are produced by movements of air on Earth, shabda is produced by movements of prana-vayu (vital air) in the jiva's body which is itself linked to the process of inhalation and exhalation. Shabda first appears at the muladhara chakra in the form of the sweet indistinct and murmuring dhvani.

Shabda is either unlettered (dhvani) or lettered (varna). Dhvani produces varna and is the subtle aspect of the jiva's vital shakti. Brahmanda is pervaded by shakti which is in turn composed of dhavani[2].

There are both gross and subtle forms of Shabda. The gross form, sthula is not possible without sukshma, the subtle form.

Philosophically, shabda is the guna of akasha, or ethereal space. It is not, however, produced by akasha, but manifests in it. Shabda is itself the Brahman


  1. Vishva-sara Tantra
  2. Prapancha-sara