Sapiṇḍikaraṇa

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sapiṇḍikaraṇa literally means ‘grouping together’.

Days of Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa Ritual[edit]

Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa or sapiṇḍana is the reception of the dead person’s soul into the community of the pitṛs or forefathers. The process is actually a śrāddha or obsequial rite. It can be done on any of the following days after death:

  1. 12th day
  2. 4th month
  3. 6th month
  4. 11th month
  5. After a year

The first seems to be more common.

Steps Involved in Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa[edit]

The important steps are:

  • Invitation to the brāhmaṇas the previous day
  • Agnau-karaṇa
  • Recital of Vedic texts when the brāhmaṇas are eating
  • Keeping four vessels of water with kuśa grass[1]
  • Mixing the water of the first with the water of the other three with appropriate mantras

This completes the process of merging the preta with the pitṛs of pitṛloka.


References[edit]

  1. One for the dead ancestor called preta and the other three for the pitṛs.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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