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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Sinhāsana literally means ‘lion-seat’.

The lion is generally considered the king or the monarch of the forest, the animal kingdom. Hence it became a symbol of royalty. The throne of a monarch is usually decorated with figures of lions on either side of the seat as arm-rests. The four legs of the throne may also be shown as resting on crouching lions. Hence it is called sinhāsana.


The Mānasāra,[1] a famous ancient work on the religious Architecture, divides the siṅhāsanas into four classes:

  1. Prathama
  2. Maṅgala
  3. Vīra
  4. Vijaya

These four are used successively by the same king during coronation. Deities in temples also have sinhāsanas.

The one used for daily worship is called nityārcana-simhāsana. The viśesa-siṅhāsana is used on special occasions. The thrones in general are sometimes divided into ten kinds such as:

  1. Padmāsana
  2. Śrībhadra
  3. Śrīmukha
  4. Etc.

Though various kinds of siṅhāsanas have been described, the most beautiful one may be chosen for the king or the deity.


  1. Mānasāra 55.1-112
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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