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Spanda (

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Spanda literally means ‘vibration’.

This is a typical technical term used by one of the schools of Kāśmīr Śaivism. Based on the Śivasutras of Vasugupta,[1] Kalhaṭa or Kallaṭa[2] wrote a small work of 51 verses called Spandakārikā which expounds the theory of spanda. Śiva is the supreme Lord. When his śakti or inherent power starts the process of creation with the very first wave or vibration, it is called spanda. The 36 evolutes are manifested out of this.


  1. He lived in 9th century A. D.
  2. He lived in A. D. 854.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore