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In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.

Taittiriya Aranyaka

From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Origin of Taittiriya Aranyaka[edit]

An Āraṇyaka is the third division of Veda. The Taittiriya Aranyaka belongs to the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda. It has ten prapāṭhakas or sections. They are also called araṇas and praśnas. The ten prapāṭhakas are named according to the very first word of each, such as:

  1. Bhadra
  2. Sahavai
  3. Citti
  4. Etc.

Contents of Taittiriya Araṇyaka[edit]

The prapāṭhakas 7 to 9 form the well-known Taittiriya Upaniṣad. The last is the Mahānārāyaṇa or the Yājñikī Upanisad. A very brief summary of the work may now be given:

Prapāthaka 1[edit]

It contains the details connected with the rite called Aruṇaketuka.

Prapāthaka 2[edit]

It contains Svādhyāya or study of the Vedas. It also includes the rites of pañca-mahāyajñas.

Prapāthaka 3[edit]

It contains the rites involved in a symbolic sacrifice called Cāturhotracitti. It also includes the importance of the sun as the supporter of the world.

Prapāthaka 4[edit]

It contains the mantras useful in the Pravargya rite. It also includes the mantras to be used in abhicāra.[1]

Prapāthaka 5[edit]

This section deals mostly with symbols connected with sacrifices.

Prapāthaka 6[edit]

This deals with mantras used in the pitṛmedha.

Specialties of Taittiriya Aranyaka[edit]

Some of the special aspects of this Āraṇyaka can now be described as follows:

  • Methods of knowing, like pratyakṣa and anumāna
  • Aspects of Surya or the Sun-god
  • Viṣṇu as the support of the universe
  • Philosophical ideas, similar to the ones in the Upaniṣads
  • Some rules about bathing and fasting
  • Asuras[2] too perform sacrifices
  • Meditation on Āditya or Sun-god
  • Symbolical sacrifices
  • The Purusasukta
  • Abhicāra or black-magic


This Aranyaka was not meant only for the vānaprasthins or the forest-dwellers, but for common people.


  1. Abhicāra means black magic.
  2. Asuras are the nongods or antigods.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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