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From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

The sage Gautama had three sons known as:

  1. Ekata
  2. Dvita
  3. Trita

Once these three brothers went to a sacrifice, participated as priests and got money. Trita got more than his brothers since he was more competent. While returning home, the two elder brothers pushed Trita into a well and ran away with his wealth. Trita prayed to the Viśvedevas or Aśvinīdevatās and got out through their grace. He also cursed his brothers to become wolves.

According to another version,[1] Trita fell into a well when pursued by wolves. There, he saw a creeper, imagined it to be the soma creeper and mentally performed a Soma sacrifice. Various gods, along with Bṛhaspati,[2] appeared before him, granted him all the boons he asked for and also rescued him.

The Rgveda, in another place mentions that Trita-Āptya prayed to gods to be freed from the effects of bad dreams. Hence this mantra may be repeated as a formula to ward off evil dreams.[3]


  1. Skandasvāmi’s commentary on Rgveda 1.105.1
  2. He is their preceptor.
  3. Rgveda 8.47.15
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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