Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Vākyabheda literally means ‘split of sentences’.

Significance of Doctrine of Vākyabheda[edit]

This is an important principle adopted by the Purvamimānsā works to decide the correct meaning of a Vedic text. The same principle is resorted to, by the dharmaśāstra works also. The doctrine of vākyabheda can be understood in two ways.

First Meaning of Vākyabheda[edit]

If there are two vākyas or sentences which are equally independent, neither needing the help of the words of the other to complete it, they should be treated as two separate sentences. This is the first sense.

Second Meaning of Vākyabheda[edit]

The second sense is as follows:

  • Suppose that in one sentence one vidhi or injunction is given and several other related factors have also been added.
  • If these latter factors are considered further vidhis, then the defect of vākyabheda arises.
  • If on the other hand, they are treated as arthavādas, eulogies to strengthen the sense of the vidhi already stated, there is no vākyabheda.
  • This principle of vākyabheda has often been resorted to by the commentators of Vedic works and dharmaśāstra-treatises to fix the correct meaning of the originals.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

Contributors to this article

Explore Other Articles