Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Viśvarupa literally means ‘Cosmic Form’.

Origin Reference of Vśvarupa[edit]

In the Bhagavadgitā,[1] at the specific request of Arjuna, Lord Kṛṣṇa shows him his Viśvarupa or the Cosmic Form, after endowing him with divine sight, since he could not see it with his ordinary sight. The verses 10 to 31 describe the Viśvarupa.

Viśvarupa Form in Mahābhārata[edit]

The Lord in this Cosmic Form had innumerable heads and hands, decorated gorgeously and holding a large variety of weapons. He was blazing like a thousand suns. Arjuna saw all the beings in him including Brahmā the creator, the ṛṣis, right up to animals stationed in a small part of his body. The Lord had pervaded all the worlds and appeared to be of infinite proportions. All the warriors on the battle field had entered into his mouths and were being mercilessly crushed. Struck with great fear, Arjuna prays to Him fervently, requesting Him to withdraw it and appear in his old, human, form.

Earlier, in the court of the Kauravas, when Duryodhana spurns all proposals of peace put forward by Śrī Kṛṣṇa to avoid war and behaves most arrogantly, even threatening to imprison him, Śrī Kṛṣṇa exhibits his Viśvarupa.[2]

Viśvarupa, a Commentator[edit]

Viśvarupa[3] is the name of a commentator of Yājñavalkya Smrti, the commentary itself being called Bālakrīdā. Some scholars identify him with Sureśvaracarya, a direct disciple of Śaṅkara who lived in A. D. 788-820.


  1. Bhagavadgitā Chapter 11
  2. Mahābhārata, Udoyagaparva, Chapter 131
  3. He lived in circa A. D. 800
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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