Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratishta competition logo.jpg

Sri Ram Janam Bhoomi Prana Pratisha Article Competition winners

Rāmāyaṇa where ideology and arts meet narrative and historical context by Prof. Nalini Rao

Rāmāyaṇa tradition in northeast Bhārat by Virag Pachpore


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Vipra literally means ‘one in whom the seed of dharma has sprouted’.

Vipra as per Ṛgved[edit]

A brāhmaṇa is known by several names. One of them is the word vipra. The Ṛgveda[1] uses this word as applied to the deity Gaṇapati. Etymologically, it means one in whom the seed of dharma has already sprouted.

Vipra, a Brāhmaṇa[edit]

In a more technical sense, he is a brāhmaṇa who has undergone the necessary sacraments and is also endowed with the vidyā or knowledge of the scriptures. He is expected to discharge six duties:

  1. Yajana - performing a sacrifice
  2. Yājana - conducting a sacrifice for others
  3. Adhyayana - studying the scriptures
  4. Adhyāpana - teaching the scriptures to others
  5. Dāna - giving gifts to others
  6. Pratigraha - accepting gifts in accordance with dharma

Vipra, a tree[edit]

These six are called the ṣaṭkarmas for a brāhmaṇa. The tree Aśvattha[2] is also known by this name and considered worthy of worship like a brāhmaṇa.


  1. Ṛgveda 10.112.9
  2. Aśvattha is Ficus religiosa.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore