By Swami Harshananda
Yājyā literally means ‘that which is to be sacrificed’.
It is the technical name of a formula of consecration. It is a verse from the Ṛgveda chanted by the hotṛ priest while the libation of ājya is offered by the adhvaryu priest. Before the recital begins, the adhvaryu gives directions to the hotṛ with such statements as ‘samiddho yaja’. Then the hotṛ begins to chant the appropriate yājyā formula loudly, preceded by the invocation ‘ye yajāmahe’ and followed by ‘vauṣaṭ’. The yājyās occur in prayājas and anuyājas.
- Ājya means clarified butter.
- It means ‘Recite the yājyā verse for the deity Samidhah’.
- The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore