Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

The Upaniṣads are normally divided into two groups:

  1. The major
  2. The minor

Out of the 120 or 125 Upaniṣads available in print, the well-known ten Upaniṣads from the īśāvasyopaniṣad up to the Brhadāranyakopaniṣad are considered the major ones and the rest as minor. Among the latter, 20 Upaniṣads are classed as the Yoga Upaniṣads since their subject matter is mainly centered round yoga.[1]

The Yogatattvopaniṣad belongs to this group. It is assigned to the Kṛṣṇa Yajurveda and has 142 verses without any internal divisions as chapters. The following is a brief synoptic summary of its contents:

  • Some general principles of Advaita Vedānta
  • The four yogas:
  1. Rājayoga
  2. Mantrayoga
  3. Haṭhayoga
  4. Layayoga
  • The eight steps of yoga
  • Detailed treatment of prāṇāyāma
  • Few bandhas
  • Meditation on Saguṇa and Nirguṇa aspects of Brahman
  • Some mudrās like khecarī
  • Meditation on the Praṇava in the lotus of the heart


  1. The two types of yoga are Rājayoga and Haṭhayoga.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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