Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Īśvara literally means ‘one who rules,’ ‘the Lord’.

Īśvara, General Meaning[edit]

The word ‘īśvara’ has been used in the scriptural works both in general and particular sense. In a general sense, it means ‘God’. In the particular sense, it stands for Śiva, the last deity of the Trinity.

Īśvara, As per Advaita Vedānta[edit]

In Advaita Vedānta, the word is used to indicate Brahman, the Absolute. It is used for the Brahman who is conscious of his powers of māyā reflecting on the process of creation. Sometimes the other names used for him are:

  1. Avyakta - the Unmanifested
  2. Jagatkāraṇa - the cause of the world
  3. Antaryāmin - the inner controller

are also used.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore