From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Śulagava is a very ancient sacrifice performed to please Rudra/Śiva[1] when cattle were stricken with pests or diseases. It could be performed during the bright half of a month and on an auspicious nakṣatra.

Though an ox is used for sacrifice in the most ancient period, it was substituted by a goat or even cooked food in the later days due to the repugnance of the people against it. The deity was called īśāna.[2] The rite soon went out of vogue.


  1. Śiva was called Śulin, the wielder of śula or the spear or the trident.
  2. He is the same deity Śiva.
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore