From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By M. A. Alwar

Ūrustambha is a kind of disease of the thighs.


Ūrustambha is a masculine form.


Ūrustambha can be split as “ūru + Stambh + Aṇ” which means “paralyses the thighs”.


The ūrustambha is of four kinds, namely:

  1. Viprakṛṣṭa
  2. Sannikṛṣṭa
  3. Nidāna
  4. Saṃgra


  • It is caused by the imbalance of vāta and imbalance of wetness.
  • The leg is gravely affected by it.
  • The paralyzing effect is felt immediately.
  • The leg is aggrieved and the touch of cold is not felt.
  • It shall be engrossed with the complications of the muscles.
  • Suśruta in Mahāvātavyādhi states that:

    "This disease is caused by the imbalance in Vāta, Pitta and śleṣma."

  • The Prāgrūpa mentions that:

    “It comprises of imbalance in attention and sleep. It also causes loss of taste.”


  • Ūrustambha comprises of cold and hot watery content.
  • It can be dry and wet at the same time.
  • It shall be weary and non-weary.
  • Although comprising of air, it shall still have paralyzing effects.
  • It numbs the thighs thereby disabling it.
  • It makes the thighs as hard as a pillar and paralyze them, hence it is called as ūrustambha.
  • It makes the patient's thigh unresponsive.
  • It may effect all the parts related to the legs.


  • The ūrustambha needs to be avoided with a comprehensive care and balance of Vāta, Pitta and śleṣma.
  • The cure of ūrustambha is stated in various texts.
  • During this disease, the patient is advised to have neither too hot not too cold food with diligence.


  • Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu