From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By M. A. Alwar

Ūm is meant as an expression of anger.

Grammatical Form[edit]

Ūm is an indeclinable form.


It is derived from ūyate which can be split as ūy + Muk affix.

Textual Reference[edit]

Śabdaratnākara states that is also an expression of reproach, competition.


  • Shabdakalpadrumah by Raja Radhakantdev, Varadaprasada Vasu, Haricarana Vasu