Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Aditya, Adityas literally means ‘son/sons of Aditi’.

Aditya is one of the well-known epithets of the sun.

The Adityas, the sons of Aditi, represent a group of deities. They are six in the Rgveda, eight in most of the Brāhmaṇas (except the Śatapatha) and twelve in the later lore. They can be described as the personifications of the laws that rule the universe and the human society. They regulate the relationships of human beings among themselves and with the forces of nature.

Since Aditya is one of the names of the sun, the Adityas can be considered as imperishable beings, the gods of light, by whom all kinds of luminous life are manifested and sustained in this universe.

The twelve Adityas are as follows :

  • Mitra - the friend
  • Varuṇa - one who encompasses and binds
  • Aryaman - the destroyer of foes
  • Dakṣa - the skilful
  • Bhaga - the giver
  • Aiiiśa - the liberal
  • Tvaṣṭṛ - the shaper
  • Savitṛ - the vivifier
  • Puṣan - the nourisher
  • Sakra - the mighty
  • Vivasvat - the resplendent
  • Viṣṇu - the pervader

Sometimes, these twelve are linked with the twelve aspects of the sun spread over the twelve months and hence described as the twelve spokes of the wheel of time.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore