From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Puṣan literally means ‘the nourisher’.

Characteristics of Puṣan are:

  • Puṣan or Puṣā is one of the twelve aspects of the Sun, known as the Adityas or Dvādaśādityas.
  • He represents the nourishing and life-supporting aspect of the Sun.
  • He is exceedingly beautiful.
  • He wears a cakra or a discus with which he destroys the evil ones.
  • He is ever eager to protect his votaries.
  • He looks upon all with an equal eye and is very generous.
  • He has been eulogized in eight suktas of the Rgveda.[1][2][3][4]
  • According to paurāṇic legends, he was present at the sacrifice of Dakṣa.
  • When Vīrabhadra, an emanation from Rudra, attacked and destroyed Dakṣa’s sacrifice, Puṣan was one of the victims who lost his teeth.[5]


  1. Rgveda 3.62.9
  2. Rgveda 6.53.3
  3. Rgveda 6.58.3
  4. Rgveda 10.17.5
  5. Bhāgavata 4.5.21
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore