Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate that there is an intimate connection—an almost exact correspondence—between James Mill’s colonial-racist discourse (Mill was the head of the British East India Company) and the current school textbook discourse. This racist discourse, camouflaged under the cover of political correctness, produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

By Swami Harshananda

Aja literally means

  1. Never born, eternal, one of the qualities attributed to the soul
  2. Driver mover, instigator, a goat or a ram,
  3. A solar dynasty king who was the father of Daśaratha[1]; a son of the Manu Uttama<Vishnu Purana</ref> one of the eleven Maruts [2](Bg. Pur.); the goat who is the vehicle of Agni [3]; the zodiac sign of Aries, which is represented by a ram; another name for Brahmā, Vişņu, Śiva, Indra, Kāma, Sūrya and Agni. (fem: ajā).
  4. In astronomy ‘aja’ indicates the sign Aries.

Etymologically the word means 'that which is unborn or uncreated'. Hence it is applied to all the three deities of the Trinity viz., Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva. It is also applied to the ātman or the self since according to the scriptures, it is uncreated.

In Vedic liturgical works, the word denotes the he-goat, considered sacred to Puṣan (an aspect of Sun) and associated with the sacrificial horse in the Aśvamedha which is believed to lead the horse to the next world. The skin of a sacrificed goat was used in the Vedic funerary rites for laying the dead body.

The Svetāśvatara Upanisad[4] compares prakṛti or nature to ajā (she-goat) of three hues (red, white and black, an obvious reference to the three guṇas of sattva, rajas and tamas) and the jīvātman to aja (he-goat) and depicts him as the enjoyer of prakṛti.


  1. Mahabharata
  2. Bhagawat Purana
  3. Agni Purana
  4. Svetāśvatara Upanisad 4.5
  • Aja by Jit Majumdar
  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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