Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


From Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia
(Redirected from Anarabdha)

By Swami Harshananda

Anārabdha literally means ‘not begun’.

Theory of karma and re-incarnation is accepted by Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. According to this theory, the principle,

‘As you sow, so you reap’ can be applied to the field of our actions, both physical and psychical.

Karma’ is the unseen effect of an action which will become manifest in course of time under favourable circumstances. This karma can be classified as follows :

  1. Sañcita - ‘the accumulated’
  2. Anārabdha - ‘not begun’
  3. Ārabdha or prārabdha - ‘the begun’
  4. Kriyamāṇa - ‘being done now’
  5. Āgāmi - ‘giving fruit in future’

The entire mass of karma which has accumulated over several births, which is yet to fructify, is ‘anārabdha.’ It is from this stock of karma, that a part gets ripened and causes the present birth.

Philosophical and religious works declare that ātmajñāna (self- realization) can destroy this mass of anārabdhakarma, thus preventing future transmigrations.

The word is also used in its literal sense of anything that is not begun or undertaken.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore