Colonial Discourse and the Suffering of Indian American Children Book Cover.webp

In this book, we analyze the psycho-social consequences faced by Indian American children after exposure to the school textbook discourse on Hinduism and ancient India. We demonstrate expose the correspondence between textbooks and the colonial-racist discourse. This racist discourse produces the same psychological impacts on Indian American children that racism typically causes: shame, inferiority, embarrassment, identity confusion, assimilation, and a phenomenon akin to racelessness, where children dissociate from the traditions and culture of their ancestors.

This book is the result of four years of rigorous research and academic peer-review, reflecting our ongoing commitment at Hindupedia to challenge the representation of Hindu Dharma within academia.


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(Redirected from Apam-napat)

By Swami Harshananda

Apām-napāt literally means ‘offspring of waters’.

Tradition accords Rgveda Samhitā, its basic scripture, the most venerated place. Out of the several deities mentioned and supplicated in its hymns, Apām-napāt is a comparatively minor deity.

  • He is a form of Agni, the god of fire though sometimes he is also described as separate from him.
  • He is perhaps the presiding deity of lightning.
  • He is said to reside even inside water.
  • He is pictured as the child of three goddesses of water.
  • Wearing a coat of lightning he shines like gold.

Sometimes, as is the general trend in the Rgveda, he is identified with Supreme God and the whole world is said to have been manifested out of him. He is the personification of all powers and the repository of all blessed qualities. He is to be praised through laudatory hymns and pleased through sacrificial rites.


  • The Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Swami Harshananda, Ram Krishna Math, Bangalore

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